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New England Colonies


The Puritans came to New England in 1630 due to the fact that they had failed to purify the Church of England. They called for simpler forms of worship.

In 1629, the Puritans received a charter to form the Massachusetts Bay Company. The Puritans thought that away from the watchful eye of King James 1, they could run their colony as they pleased.

In 1629, the Puritans sent a small party to North America. The journey took sixty-six days, and they arrived on November tenth. The following year, more than one-thousand men, women, and children sailed for the Massachusetts Bay Colony. They were led by John Winthrop, who had been chosen as the colonies first governor.

Between 1629 and 1640, more than twenty-thousand men, women and children journeyed from England to Massachusetts. This movement was know as the Great Migration.

Some of the new arrivals came for economic reasons, rather that religious reasons. Puritan leaders were determined to keep non-Puritans out of government. As a result, they granted the right to vote to all men who were church members.

The Indians helped the settlers, and taught them how to plant corn, beans, squash, and pumpkins. The settlers also ate animals from the surrounding forests.

Houses were wooden with steep roofs and a second floor that hung out over the street. All the houses faced south in order to catch the sun at noon.

New England consisted of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island.